Sunday, March 30, 2008

Insect attacks

Spider mites attacks on orchids.

Spider mites are not insects but are more closely related to ticks and spiders. Their common name is derived from their ability to produce silk, which most species spin on host plants. Mites are tinyCabout the size of the period at the end of this sentence. They can also be very prolific, which is why infestations often go unnoticed until plants exhibit significant damage.

Treatment wow banyaknye mites....malathion kurang berkesan untuk mites...mites ialah sejenis sucking insect...kalao sia, biasa menggunakan

1. Neem Oil Emulsion
2. ALBAROL ( kelas 4)

Cara : Rendamkan atau spray keseluruhan pokok yg terkena jangkitan.. ulang 3 hari sekali sehingga tiada jangkitan baru dapat di kesan...

Pokok masih boleh survive setelah rawatan diberikan secara sempurna.

Nampak pokok tuan pdox tu ialah dari genus Paphiopedilum tuuuu......

advised from khairimd from

pictures courtesy of

paradox from

Wednesday, March 26, 2008

Bulbophyllum biflorum

Bulbophyllum biflorum

Found this orchids in Camera Highlands, being sold by Orang Asli.Normally found on tree trunks in shady forest between 700 meter up to 1000 meter. A
miniature sized, warm to hot growing epiphytic species with ovate, strongly 4 angled, yellow pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, erect, thin, oblong, apically blunt, shortly petiolate leaves that blooms on a basal, thin, wiry, semi-pendulous, 2 3/4" to 4.1" [7 to 11 cm] long, 2 flowered inflorescence carrying scented flowers.

pictures courtesy of S_annuar from

Monday, March 24, 2008

Blbophyllum pileatum

An epiphytic species normally found up to 1000 meters in mountain of Borneo, but in Malaysia, normally found from sea-level up to 200 meters. In on of the state in Malaysia, Johore, this species is widely found in swamp forest. The flower is single with normal size about 3 cm with dull yellow.

pictures courtesy of


Friday, March 07, 2008

Coelogyne rochussenii

Coelogyne rochussenii

Widely distributed in Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra (East & West Coasts), Java (West), Borneo (Kalimantan, Sarawak, Sabah, Brunei), Philippines, Sulawesi (Minahassa), Maluku A lowland orchids and normalyy found near riverbanks where the Altitude: Sea Level - 1500m.The Pseudobulbs is close together to a few cm apart, appr 15 x 2 cm, 2 leaves appr 27 x 6 cm
Picture courtesy of khairimd

Bulbophyllum lobii - the flower....

Bulbophyllum lobii - the flower....

One of many species that is widely found in Malaysia and also neighboring countries, such as Sumatra, Java and Borneo in primary forest and humid places, between 600 - 2000m above sea level.

Briefly the plant pseudobulbs is placed 3cm or more apart on the creeping rhizome, 3-4 x 2.5cm, smooth an round when young, slightly flattened. Whereas the leaves are broadly lanceolate, about 20-25 x 6-12cm.

The flower inflorescences arised from it rhizome, penducle and pedicel together 20cm or more long, each bearing single flower, with 6 - 8cm broad, yellow, striped and flushed red


This species varies very much throughout its range, in particular in coloring and the petal length.

Picture courtesy of khairimd from

Wednesday, March 05, 2008

Bulbophyllum cameronense

The name will lead to a highland in Malaysia, the Cameron Highlands,... thus Bulbophyllum cameronense, is where this orchids is commonly found.

Still remember back in 2006, I managed to buy some plant and till todate, still not managed to grow it.
The picture courtesy from from

Bulbophyllum purpurecense

I have once found this Bulbophyllum purpurecense on tp of rock boulders, where it is being exposed by 100 % sun, sugesting that this species is quite robust.

The plant is slightly similar to bulbophyllum vaginatum, with some exception, ie the plant has slight trail of purplish color either on the leaf or the bulbs. Suggesting that the name is purpurecense.

Picture courtesy of

Bulbophyllum patens

Bulbophyllum patens is another widely found lowland orchids in Malaysia. An epiphyte orchids normally found on tree barks. Unfortunatelt, until todate I havent have the opportunities to see in in situ. Normally the in situ situation is at the roadside stalls operated by the aborigines.

The single lightly scented flowers have a straight lip that is highly mobile, where this on of many reason the flowers will get easily pollinated by insects.

The bulb to the end of leaf normally around 15 cm with stiff leaf. A hot growing species that requires, hot conditions, shade, frequent waterings and fertilizings as well as high humidity.

Pictures and plants and flower.... courtesy from orchid_trekker

Tuesday, March 04, 2008

Bulbophyllum virescens

Bulbophyllum virescens

The plant has a long and slender psudobulb, whereas the leave is soft and big. Normally found around waterfalls areas on top of rock boulders, covered with dead leaves and damp areas. This lowland orchids is widely found in Malaysian jungles, normally near riverbanks, on top of rock boulders, under canpoies, with 60 % light penetration.

The flowers give strong smell resembling dried fish or "ikan masin"

The plant in hand !...

The flower..

Note some insects, attracted to the smell, just another way to do the pollinations.

Bulbophyllum gracillimum - the flower

Bulbophyllum gracillimum is a lowland orchids commonly found in Malaysian jungles. In on of my trip to Pahang, a state in Malaysia, this species were found growing in rubber plantations. Trees upon trees, this species were growing.

Luckily, the plantations owner was not keen on this plant, but rather keen on the rubber its self!.

The flower is long and slender, while the plant it self looks more to bulbophyllum vaginatum?... dont think so!..

The flower courtesy of TheOman from

Bulbophylum lasianthum - the flower.

Bulbophylum lasianthum - the flower.

Bulbophyllum lasianthum orchids is one of the largest type of bulbophylum species in Malaysia. The leaves can reach up to 2 feets, and normally found on top of rock boulders under tree shades, beside river banks.

The flowers emit a strong stench , similar to dried fish or 'ikan masin' as called by the locals. Interesting?... well it depends...

Picture courtesy of TheOman and Pictures from

Sunday, March 02, 2008

Bulbophyllum lobbii

Bulbophyllum lobbii found in one of my visit to a waterfalls in Selangor. Eventhough it is a common lowland orchids, finding it in situ is quite challenging.

Unfortunately, till to date, the plant simply refused to flower.Shall the medium be replaced or need to give the correct fertiliser?.

Noticed the bulb which is smooth and little bit hairy?

For the flower, refer to

Bulbophyllum lasianthum - the plant

Bulbophyllum lasianthum orchids is one of the largest type of bulbophylum species in Malaysia. The leaves can reach up to 2 feets, and normally found on top of rock boulders under tree shades, beside river banks.

The flowers emit a strong stench , similar to dried fish or 'ikan masin' as called by the locals.

In one of my trips to a famous recreation area in Pahang, this bulbophyllum was found almost every where, either on the ground, on tree trunks and also on top of rock boulders, where, mostly, the area is shaded from direct sunlight. Where, the flowers is emitting a strong stench, finding it will not be so difficult.

For the flowers, refer to"

Aerides odorata - the plant

Aerides odorata orchids which is commonly available in Malaysian jungle, normaly nearby waterfalls.

Friday, February 29, 2008

Insect attack on Orchids - The Treatment!

Why does orchids die?.. after dsecting a pot of spathoglottis, done by S_anuar from revelas that the mealy bus deep insde the pot is causing the plant dying.

The treatment?

Well he is applying neem oil bought at for the treatment.

The results?

Need to wait few weeks to be known

White traces on the roots


White traces found on the pot

Mealybugs - the white bugs!

Tuesday, February 26, 2008

Bulbophyllum Meduse - The Plant

Well, here are some photo on bulbophyllum meduse plant, See the psudobulb, What is the best media to growthis bulbophllum?

Well, some people is using perlite mix, (see this and some will tied it on a tree bark. Mine?,... hemm still diffcult to maintain the growth on a piece of wood bark. Perhaps to try on perlite and some mix of paddy husks.

Picture courtesy of khairimd.

Saturday, February 23, 2008


Another varietes of Spathoglottis orchids , where the colour is yellow and another is a mixed colours ont he same petal.

Spathoglottis plicata

It just a Saturday evening, and while visiting to Taman Warisan Pertanian at Putra Jaya, manage to get some pictures of spathoglottis, used as decoration.

Spathoglottis plicata - The flower

Spathoglottis plicata - the plant

Spathoglottis plicata alba

Bulbophyllum lobii

Bulbophyllum lobii is a lowland orchids, and I had personally found this orchids on top of tree near a riverbank in Genting Highlands, where the recorded altitude is about 700 meters from sea level. The flower si about 3-7 cm wide which has a spicy scent, and with variation of clours, shape and markings.

The pseudo bulb to leave is about 25 cm, where the color of the leaves is light green

Aerides odorata

Aerides odorata is widely found in Malaysia and I had once found it near a famous waterfall area in Pahang, a state in Malaysia, east to Kuala LUmpur. Luckily enough the plant is blooming with flowers where it give scents of similar to lime honey.

It grows as epiphyte and can be found up to 500 meter altitude. the plant normally grow up to 30 cm and it flowers normally between Oct to Nov.

Aerides Photo courtesy of Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page.

Arudina Graminifolia - known locally as orkid buluh

Arudina Graminifolia lowland orchids is widely found in Malaysia. It was found up to 1500 meters altitude, where along the road leading to Cameron Highlands, this can be asily found along the road, espically from Simpang Pulai to Cameron Highlands. Even, along the PLUS North South Expressway, near Tapah, this spceices can be found along side the road.

Orchids found in highland, will have bigger flower compared to the lowland orchids, thus, dont be suprised if the flowers found in Cameron Highlands is
bigger compare found at Tapah.

The plant can grow up to 200 cm, and enjoy full sunlight, thus making it a good garden plant since it is free flowering.

Photo from

Orchids in wild - Langkawi Island

A walk along the Pantai Cenang of Langkawi Island, up north of Malaysia, reveals some orchids, which barely survive along the sea side, merely a few meters away from the sea level.

2 species of bulbophylum were found:

Yet another small bulbophylum found togther:

Orchids in Langkawi - On Top of Mountain

My trip to Langkawi Island, North of Malaysia, sometimes in December 2006, allows me to explore the orchids on the island. On top of Gunung Mat Cincang, where it accesible using the cable car, few species of orchids were found at the height of almost 708 meters.

Among of the species found are:

Bulbophyllum meduse

Bulbophyllum meduse is another lowland orchids that can be found in Malaysia. Normally found along the riverbanks on tree branches, where more sunlight is available.

Usually flowers several times a year and slightly bigger than bulbophyllum vaginatum.

Physically, the plant is about 20 cm from bulb to leave, where the bulb is slightly brownish in colour and with sharp edges, unlike vaginatum where the bulb edges is more smooth.
Photo by khairimd from

Bulbophylum vaginatum

Bulbophylum vaginatum is a lowland orchids and is widely found in Malaysia. Small flowers but when a colony of it blooms, it just spectacular to view it. Normally the flowering sessions is 2 to 3 times a year and last for 2-4 days, without giving any visible scent.

Some details of the plant:
Length from bulb to leave is about 12 cm. Normally with hard leaves textures. Single bulb normally will have single leave.
Photo by khairimd from

Orchids - Spathoglottis plicata

Spathoglottis plicata is a commonly found species in Malaysia, infact along the PLUS North South Expressway near the Menora Tunnel, this species can be found growing on the rocks boulders, where it is being exposed by 100 % sunlight.

The violet colour allows the plant to be seen from quite a distance. And the leaves is quite big, normally measured about 180 cm from the bulb.

The ability for self pollinated, allows the plant to be easily propagated. A clump of the is orchids, planted along fences, shall be good for making decorations around the garden.

An alba version is mostly sought by collectors. plicata alba!...

Image from

Cymbidium finlaysonianum

Since the species is quite abundant in Malaysia, finding it is not difficult, in fact, when driving along Malaysian main road, just keep your eyes wide open, you may stumble with this species.

Cymbidium finlaysonianum

Distributed in Malaysia and quite abundant in lowland and found up to 1200 meters altitude. Normally found in huge masses with hard leathery leaves and pendulous inflorescences that may be up to 90 cm long.

Like light shade and normaly flowers all year long except from Dec to Feb.